Tuesday, 20 January 2009
Most of the Jews in Israel are not the original Jews of the Bible, but people who converted to the Jewish religion.
Most of the Jews in Israel are descended from people in countries such as Germany, Georgia, Ukraine, Yemen, and Morocco who were not originally Jewish.
The Palestinians are most likely the original Jews.
Schlomo Sand, professor of history at Tel Aviv university, wrote about the Zionist myth at Le Monde Diplomatique, in September 2008.
(Zionist nationalist myth of enforced exile: Israel deliberately forgets its history)
Among the points made by Professor Sand:
1. In 70 AD, the Jews were allegedly exiled and went to live in countries such as Yemen, Morocco, Spain, Germany, Poland and Russia.
2. At the end of the 19th century, people claiming to be Jews began to talk about setting up a Jewish state.
3. Is the Bible historically accurate?
The first modern Jewish historians, such as Isaak Markus Jost (1793-1860) and Leopold Zunz (1794-1886), did not think so.
They saw the stories of the Old Testament as being useful parables.
4. During the 1980s there were new discoveries in archaeology.
The story of the 13th century BC exodus was shown to be a myth.
Moses could not have led the Hebrews out of Egypt into the Promised Land, because the Promised land was Egyptian territory at the time.
The archaeologists say there is no trace of either a slave revolt against the Egyptian empire or of a sudden conquest of Canaan by outsiders.
Nor is there any trace or memory of the Biblical kingdom of David and Solomon.
5. The Kingdom of Israel was a tiny little place.
6. Were the Jews exiled in 70 AD?
The Romans never exiled any nation from anywhere on the eastern seaboard of the Mediterranean.
The Jewish population of Judea continued to live on their lands after 70AD.
Some converted to Christianity in the 4th century, while the majority became Moslems during the 7th century.
Most Zionist thinkers were aware of this.
Yitzhak Ben Zvi, later president of Israel, and David Ben Gurion, Israel's first prime minister, accepted it.
Both stated on several occasions that the Palestinians were the descendants of the Jewish inhabitants of ancient Judea.
So, the Palestinians are the real Jews.
7. So, what about the people in Europe and elsewhere who claimed to be Jews?
From the 2nd century BC onwards, many people were forcibly converted to the Jewish religion.
Many Europeans, Africans and Asians were converted to Judaism.
For example, in the 1st century AD, in Kurdistan, there was the Jewish kingdom of Adiabene.
In the 5th century, in Yemen, a Jewish kingdom emerged.
Arab chronicles tell of North African berber tribes becoming Jewish, during the 7th century.
8. In the 8th century, the most important mass conversion took place.
This was in the huge Khazar kingdom between the Black and Caspian seas.
Judaism spread from the Caucasus into the Ukraine, then into Eastern Europe, and on to Germany. The Yiddish culture of Europe involved people who had converted to the Jewish religion.
9. The Israeli forces who seized Jerusalem in 1967 may have been descendents of Germans, Yemenis, Berbers or Khazars.
At Haaretz, on 21 March 2008, Ofri Ilani wote about shattering a 'national mythology'.
Shattering a 'national mythology' - Haaretz - Israel News
Ilani refers to Dahia al-Kahina, a leader of the Berbers in the Aures Mountains.
Al-Kahina was the daughter of a Berber tribe that had converted to Judaism.
According to the Tel Aviv University historian, Prof. Shlomo Sand, author of "Matai ve'ech humtza ha'am hayehudi?" ("When and How the Jewish People Was Invented?"), the queen's tribe and other local tribes are the main sources from which Spanish Jewry sprang.
Posted by Anon at 00:19