Friday, 5 September 2008

OPERATION FORTITUDE AND OPERATION NEPTUNE


Map from www.naval-history.net/WW2RN20-194406.htm

Operation Neptune was spectacular.

It was the cross-Channel crossing phase of Operation Overlord, the invasion of Normandy in 1944.

About 6,000 ships were involved in Neptune.

The biggest threat to this armada came from mines.

At the front of the armada were 287 mine sweepers whose job was to clear the way for the ships behind them.

Next came 138 warships whose job was to bombard the German beach defences in Normandy.

Behind them were the troop carrying ships, protected by frigates and corvettes.




Operation Fortitude was the codename for the deception operations used by the Allied force in connection with the Normandy landings.

One of the major reasons for the success of Operation Neptune was that the allies tricked the Nazis into thinking that the invasion forces would land in the area around Calais rather than in Normandy. ( D-Day: Operation Overlord - Features on thehistorychannel.co.uk)

The allies carried out a number of deception operations involving the creation of fake armies, the sending of fake radio traffic, the delivery of fake spy reports and the production of fake security plans.


A tank made from inflatable rubber. Operation Fortitude website

Tanks, trucks and armour were made out of inflatable rubber and plywood.

Before D-Day, Allied bombing raids were twice as heavy in Calais as in Normandy.

Mine sweepers cleared shipping lanes near Calais.

Rubber paratroopers were landed near Calais to confuse the Germans.


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Thursday, 4 September 2008

The classic soldier and politician

Picasso - US soldiers massacre Korean women and children

President Truman was a soldier and he was the US president in 1950 when hundreds of Korean refugees, mostly women, children and old men, were massacred by US soldiers at No Gun Ri.

Franklin Pierce was a general and a President of the USA. He was in favour of slavery. (Cached)

King Richard the Lionheart massacred thousands of Muslim prisoners at Acre in 1191. Muslims, Jews and Christians were brutally massacred by the Christian Crusaders.

Not all Christian soldiers make good rulers.

Now, who is the classic soldier and politician?


Cromwell - dictator of Britain from 1653-58

Oliver Cromwell was the typical soldier-politician.

"During his lifetime, some tracts painted him as a hypocrite motivated by power — for example, The Machiavilian Cromwell and The Juglers Discovered.[84] " (Oliver Cromwell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia )

Oliver Cromwell's grandfather was Sir henry Cromwell whose second wife died after a long and unpleasant illness.

"Her death was attributed by local folk to witchcraft.

"An elderly couple from Warboys and their daughter were accused and in circumstances of extreme barbarity were tortured, condemned and executed." (Queens' College Record 2001 - Cromwell Family)

At the siege of Drogheda in September 1649, Oliver Cromwell massacred nearly 3,500 people, including civilians, after the town's capture.[29]

Drogheda in Ireland, 1649.

At the Siege of Wexford in October, another massacre took place, with up to 1,500 civilians murdered by Cromwell's men.[30]

At Drogheda, a group of defenders barricaded themselves in Millmount Fort. They negotiated a surrender, but were then disarmed and killed.



Cromwell sent some of the Irish to the West Indies.

Sir William Petty wrote in his The Political Anatomy of Ireland (1672) (Politics.ie • View topic - Oliver Cromwell ...):

"Widows and orphans... were kidnapped and transported by the slave trading merchants of Bristol..."

From the site Politics.ie • View topic - Oliver Cromwell was a Pimp and Child ..., we learn:

"Cromwell's puritan sensibilities did not hinder him from jumping to supply the colonists... and making a good profit to boot.

"A Captain John Vernon, for example, was employed by the Commissioners for Ireland to kidnap 250 Irish girls around twelve years of age and transport them to Barbados...

"It's estimated that tens of thousands of Irish children, both boys and girls, were kidnapped to supply this vile trade."

In 1661, Cromwell's corpse was removed from Westminster Abbey and then dangled from a gibbet at Tyburn. His head was displayed on a spike for 20 years.

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Wednesday, 3 September 2008

Tuesday, 2 September 2008

Scotland - a thousand more hydro-electric sites may be built


Scotland has oil (at least half the oil is still to come) and it has wind and wave power.

And, more than 1000 new hydro-electric power stations may be built in Scotland in the next few years years according to Scottish Government advisers. ( Scotland may have a thousand more hydro sites)

Above Loch Ness, the £150m Glendoe hydro-electric scheme is nearing completion.

Scottish and Southern Energy's Glendoe project will be capable of generating 100mw of power, enough to power Glasgow.

Glendoe will be the second largest hydro scheme out of the 80 already in Scotland.

Most were built in the late 1940s and early 1950s.

The Scottish Government aims to generate 50% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020.

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